Capital of Russia: History, Geography, Population

Russia, the largest country in the world, boasts a rich history, diverse culture, and a captivating capital city Moscow.

Capital of Russia
Capital of Russia

Moscow - The Vibrant Heart of Russia

Moscow is the vibrant, beating heart of the Russian Federation, serving as its bustling capital city and the nation's major political, economic, cultural, and transportation hub. As Russia's primate city, Moscow dominates the country as its major center of power and global influence.

Moscow's Location:

Situated on the banks of the Moskva River in the western part of Russia, Moscow serves as the capital of the country and the Moscow Oblast, one of its constituent regions.

Historical Significance:

Moscow's history dates back to the 12th century when it was established as a small trading post. Over time, it grew into a powerful political and cultural hub.

Geographic Size:

Covering an area of around 2,511 square kilometers (970 square miles), Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world.


As of the latest available data, Moscow's population exceeds 12 million residents, making it the most populous city in Russia.

Administrative Structure:

Moscow is divided into twelve administrative districts, each with its unique characteristics and attractions.

State Notable Fact
Moscow Federation City Home to the Kremlin, Red Square, and most tourist attractions
Moscow Oblast Largest surrounding region, with historical towns like Sergiev Posad
St. Petersburg Former imperial capital, with opulent palaces and museums
Leningrad Oblast Historical region famous for Peterhof Palace and Catherine Palace
Tatarstan Vibrant Muslim republic with Kazan Kremlin and Kul Sharif Mosque
Krasnodar Krai Black Sea resort region with Sochi ski slopes and Olympic Park
Sverdlovsk Oblast Industrial heartland with Yekaterinburg, famous for tsarist execution
Primorsky Krai Far Eastern region with Vladivostok, gateway to the Pacific Ocean
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